Posted by Admin on July 11, 2016
There're lots of things to understand when it comes to connectors and coaxial cables. Even when you have all you need in relation to signal boosters for your cell phone, and know how to find the closest mobile phone tower, coaxial cables still remain an enigma to many. To be on the safe side and to comprehend exactly what you're buying or you should go for, there’re a number of things you need to understand. Remember Wilson cables come in handy for connection of an amplifier with all manner of accessories apart from splitters and antennas. The cables differ in many areas such as color, length, connector type, impedance and thickness. To minimize the loss of signal, stick with thicker and shorter cables.
Mind the length.
One critical detail to always remember is that as the signal is traveling through any kind of cable, the strength is lost. This is why a longer cable losses most signal strength while a shorter one retains most strength. In a cable, less is everything, meaning that shopping for the proper cable length is highly important if you want to have a uniform quality signal all the way through. See the chart in image at the top that shows how much cable loss occurs for each type of cable for every 10 feet in length.
Each cell phone signal booster comes complete in a kit including the right cable length and proper type to ensure reasonable signal strength (dB gain) is maintained. Nonetheless, at times you might require a longer cable for different reasons. This means you need to be clear about the length you should go with, before the signal gain is affected by loss of signal.
The kind of cable.
Of importance here is identifying the type of connector and kind of cable. When it comes to home cell phone signal boosters, three cable types come to mind.
N-Male Connector Wilson-400 cables.
An LMR400 type of cable, the Wilson400 just happens to be Wilson Electronics best grade cable. The cables are 50-Ohm and enhanced with N-Male connectors. As pro-grade quality cables, they are designed with 7,500 square feet to 100,000 square feet range in mind, ostensibly for large installations. The length of the cables fall within 50 to 1000 feet and availed in white or black hues for different lengths to meet commercial and residential installation needs.
They are 13/32 inch in thickness with a 0.6dB signal loss for every 10 feet. While the cables can work with any type of equipment using N-Connector 50-Ohm cables, some popular units such as WilsonPro signal boosters and weBoost Connect boosters come with these cables.
Wilson400 cables provided include following.
10 ft. cables:
20 ft. cables:
30 ft. cables:
50 ft. cables:
75 ft. cables:
100 ft. cables:
500 ft. cable:
1000 ft. cable:
F-Connector RG6 Cables.
Fitted with F-Male connectors, the 75-Ohm RG-6 cables are extensively used with lots of Satellite television and cable TV devices. In most homes it is usually pre-wired and the second in terms of thickness among cables offered. The cable is usually sufficient for home installations covering about 2,500 square feet and 5,000 square feet with the length falling between 20 feet and 50 feet. With a 3/8 inch thickness, they register a loss of 1.09 dB for every 10 ft. The white cables are popularly used with entry level weBoost Home 4G Connect and weBoost Connect and available in different lengths. RG-6 cables include:
50 ft. cable:
30 ft. cable:
20 ft. cable:
2 ft. cable:
F-Connector RG11 Cables.
Also 75-Ohm cables, the RG-11 are fitted with F-Male connectors and might look like RG-6 but distinctly different. Essentially, while RG-6 ranges to about 50 ft., RG-11 extends between 50 ft. and 100 ft. Compared to Wilson400 cables, RG-11 has a lesser signal loss. RG11 5 ft. F-Male connector cables are ultra low and great for both outdoor and indoor use. The coaxial cables connect amplifiers to splitters, lightning surge protectors, taps and antennas with ease. The two F-male connectors are generally seen in normal household television video cable on each end. It features about 2/3 the loss of a typical RG-6 cable apart from being a highly performing commercial grade product.
50 ft. cable:
SMA Connector RG174 and RG58.
Boats, RVs, trucks and cars are places you will find cell phone signal boosters fitted with RG-174 and RG-58 cables. Each of these cables feature SMA connector, but with a slight difference between them. RG-58 low loss feature is a plus and has a total length of 20 feet while RG-174 maximum length is 6 feet. They are compatible and ideal for use with weBoost 4G-S Drive and weBoost 4G-M Drive.
RG-58 is basically the second thinnest of all offered cables at 3/16 inches in thickness with a 1.68 dB signal loss for every 10 feet. With only a single white option, it is mainly black in color but with different lengths and connector types.
RG-58 cable includes:
2 ft. cables:
5 ft. cable:
15 ft. cable:
20 ft. cables:
30 ft. cable:
Of all the thinnest cables provided by Wilson Electronics, the RG-174 cable is the thinnest. Due to the thinness, the cable is used easily from a car's roof from the antenna via the door into the inside of the vehicle. Only really short lengths are provided for RG-174 and in black only.
RG-174 cables include:
6 ft. cables:
6 inch cables:
20 inches cable:
As already indicated, an increase in the length of a cable ends up in a loss of signal. Loss and signal gain, calculated in dB (decibels) and exponentially measured means that if your signal has a 3 dB loss, your signal will weaken by two times.
As such, the Wilson400 together with the RG-11 are not just powerful but manifest the least minimal loss and twice effective in home installations in contrast with the RG-6 cables. RG-174 cable shouldn't be installed just anywhere a cable of more than six feet is required because at about 10 feet, it doesn't carry signal very well.
Cable installation can be converted with the use of special type of adapters and cable connectors. Even so, if you matched and mixed 75-Ohms and 50-Ohms cable systems, the result will be an additional signal loss. This is why you might want to remain consistent with the applicable kind of 75-Ohms or 50-Ohms cable systems.
Check on your amplifier system whether the cable is 75-Ohm or 50-Ohm in the provided installation guide or under the specifications. If you're using an amplifier system in need of cables above 50 feet you might want to go with RG-11 considering their lower loss advantage and their ability to enhance performance.
What is the difference between 50 Ohm and 75 Ohm? Does it matter?
Two distinct impedances are provided for cellular signal boosting products, which are 50-Ohm and 75-Ohm. It is common for the average Joe to question why 50 Ohm and not 75 Ohm and vice versa. Essentially, impedances refer to the measure or calculation of resistance in a coaxial cable in relation to electric energy flow. Of course bad or good impedance doesn't exist but only the proper impedance that an application needs.
In general terms, 75 Ohm is usually the main application when it comes video signal transmission while 50 Ohm cable is the main application in data signal transmission. You can say 50 Ohm transmits information while pictures are transmitted by the 75 Ohm coaxial cable.
In the case of cellular signal boosting, you might want to use coaxial cables, amplifiers and antennas with similar impedance. At the same time, 50 Ohm coaxial cables are mostly two-way transmitters of data signal and hugely used in Ethernet networks, routers and a preferred choice for most cellular signal amplification solutions.
75 Ohm is the coaxial cable you will find in most households across the United States and design for both video and audio signals. As such, satellite receivers and cables demand a 75 Ohm due to their impedance. As a result of its common usage and popularity most customers always look for 75-Ohm systems.
When it comes to either 50 Ohm or 75 Ohm think about your needs and the best between the two that will meet those needs. The 50 Ohm might be the preferred tech you might require in a typical boosting system, but 75 Ohm usually works exceptionally well giving you an advantage to maximize on already available residential infrastructure.
Due to its size (3/32”), RG-174 works very well in vehicle installations where more cable versatility is required. All weBoost vehicle booster kits include RG-174. This is the type of cable used in our eqo Booster kit, as well, as it allows you to hide the cable inside for a nice, clean installation.
This cable, measuring 3/16”, will commonly be used in conjunction with our Trucker Antenna series and NMO (Non-Magnetic Option) antenna mounts.
This type of cable is ideal for use in home and smaller office installations. All of our current Connect 3G and 4G booster kits include RG-6. This type of cable is identical to standard TV coax cable.
This type of cable is ideal for use in large home and building installations. All of our current 75 ohm WilsonPro products include RG-11. This cable is designed to bring greater range to your cell phone amplifier system with minimal signal loss. It is heavier and denser than RG-6, though only carries close to half of the signal loss as RG-6 cable.
Typically, this type of cable will be used in larger area or industrial/enterprise installations. Wilson400 is an ultra low-loss coaxial cable. This cable is, also, designed to bring greater range to your cell phone amplifier system with minimal signal loss. All of our Connect 3G-X and 4G-X booster kits, as well as our 50 ohm WilsonPro product solutions, include Wilson400, measuring 13/32”.